New & Improved Gluten Free Rough Puff Pastry

No need to break the bank with store bought gluten free puff pastry. Make this new & improved gluten free rough puff pastry and see how buttery & flaky it is!

rough puff pastry side view with layers

No more doing without our favorite old recipes using puff pastry because, ya’ll, this gluten free quick “rough” puff pastry is absolutely perfect and will stand in for anything your old cookbooks can dish out!

I posted my recipe for gluten free quick puff back in May of 2019, but I’ve since tweaked it to be BETTER THAN EVER and you’re gonna love it. The first recipe was great and I didn’t think it could get better. BUT, it was very temperamental and all the planets had to align to get the proper puff. The layers were there, but the puff wasn’t always on point.

What is Rough Puff Pastry?

There are so many recipes out there for puff pastry and just as many techniques. How to turn it into gluten free rough puff pastry is not quite as easy, but I’ve done all the hard work for you so all you have to do is follow the recipe!!

Instead of making the traditional method of classic puff pastry, where a butter block is folded into the dough (similar to my croissants), I decided to make it a whole lot easier by making a “rough puff.’ This is when the butter is in smaller pieces within the dough, and the dough is folded and turned several times (laminated). All this means for us gluten free peeps is that we don’t have to slave in the kitchen.

Traditional puff pastry, while I’m sure would work beautifully, would take a lot more time. And often, in order to bake, we have to first make a component of it, like a flour blend. We have to literally MAKE flour!! One day I hope you don’t have to make the flour yourself and you can buy it at any grocery store, but for now that’s what we have to do. It’s a tedious task on its own so anything we can do to shorten our time is great! You’ll still get great puff and layers with this quick or “rough puff” version.

cross section of gluten free puff pastry dough

The Ingredients Needed

  • Kim’s Gluten Free Bread Flour Blend — there really is no substitute for my bread flour blend. Believe me. If there was, I would have found it years ago. The extra protein in the bread flour blend helps give structure to the pastry.
  • Butter — don’t skimp on the butter this time around. Go for the good stuff–European style unsalted butter. It’s made of more butterfat, which means it won’t chill too hard and shatter inside your dough. Plus, it tastes amazing!
  • Egg — I know it’s not traditional, but when is anything in gluten free baking traditional? Sometimes we have to modify things to get the same effects of wheat flour without that ever important little pesky protein called gluten. Eggs have not only protein, but fat and both of those offer stability, flavor, and texture to gf puff pastry.
  • Salt — we control the amount of salt added to our pastry since we’ve used unsalted butter.
  • Sugar — this isn’t added for sweetness, but for browning purposes. Claire Saffitz adds just a little to hers and she’s a boss pastry chef so I trust her methods.
  • Lemon juice — just a teaspoon keeps the dough from oxidizing in the fridge (turning gray).
  • Heavy cream — game changer here. I used ice water for so long and as soon as I replaced it with cold heavy cream, I got the best results in both puff/texture AND flavor!
picture of all ingredients needed to make gf puff pastry

Tips for Making Rough Puff Pastry

Surprisingly, gluten free rough puff pastry is very easy to make. It’s a lot like making a flaky pie crust.

  • Start with Kim’s gluten free bread flour blend. The extra protein in the flour blend aids in getting the puff AND keeping the puff without collapsing.
  • Just like pie dough and traditional puff pastry, the butter and liquid (in this case, heavy cream) need to be super cold! You don’t want the butter to melt into the dough because you won’t get all those layers.
  • Use cold heavy cream instead of ice water. The extra protein and fat in the cream aids in the puff.
  • Add an egg to the dough. This is an essential part of the dough that holds it together and also aids in rising. Without gluten, we need that extra boost.
  • Roll out and fold the dough 7 times!! These folds are called turns because every time the pastry is folded, it’s turned 1/4 turn. Six of the seven folds are done as double book folds, so you’re essentially folding the dough twice but since it’s within one turn, it takes less time. If your kitchen is cold enough, you can get away with doing all 7 folds and turns one after the other.
  • Bake it at the right temperature. I tested the same dough under three different temp options. At 400 and 425 degrees, the baked pastry didn’t rise as high. I found 375 degrees F to be the best temp for getting the lift and proper browning without burning.

Rough Puff Pastry FAQs

Can I Use American Butter?

I would not recommend it. The higher water content in American butter means that the butter will become solid when very cold and not have that same u0022plasticityu0022 that is crucial in making laminated pastry. Solid butter can tear through dough, especially gluten free dough, much more easily. European butter is more expensive, but homemade puff pastry deserves the finest ingredients and you can find deals and freeze large quantities. I find a cheaper version of Kerrygold butter at my local Lidl and freeze several pounds, where they’re conveniently stored until I’m ready.

Will Bob’s Red Mill/King Arthur Flour/(any store bought gf flour blend) Work as a Substitute for Your Flour Blend?

I have not tried this particular recipe with any of the store bought gf flour blends, but if I were a betting woman I would bet that you won’t get the same results, just as you won’t with any of my gf breads. People state they’ve had success with using a store bought blend instead of mine in some of my bread recipes, but I can guess that the results aren’t quite as good as they could be. u0022Good for gluten freeu0022 is not my goal.

Help! Butter Leaked Out While Baking!!

A little butter leaking out around the corners of your baked pastry is perfectly normal. However, a big pool of butter is not. Your butter could have been too warm when laminating. If your dough feels warm while laminating, stop and put the dough in the fridge for 30 minutes before proceeding. Or your pastry wasn’t cold enough before going into the oven. Always make sure to refrigerate it for at least 30 minutes or freeze it for 15 before putting it into the hot oven.

What To Make With This Rough Puff

There are an endless amount of things we can make with this glorious gluten free rough puff pastry! Any recipe calling for traditional puff pastry OR traditional crescent rolls will work with this gf puff pastry. That’s right! You can use this recipe as a substitute for the canned crescent rolls!! Here are just a few ideas:

  • Cheese Straws — addictive as all get out.
  • Sausage rolls
  • Heavenly napoleon
  • Tarts (both sweet and savory)
  • Palmier — these ones are sweet, but you can also make savory palmier by filling with pesto, for instance.
  • Magic Marshmallow Crescent Puffs (one of my favorite recipes when I was growing up)
  • Veggie pizza — this is one of those recipes from days gone by that was served at every party I ever went to. It would be one of the first things to go because it was so good.
  • Pizza Hot Pockets — irresistible is all I have to say. For once, these are NOTHING like what you remember (and that’s a good thing)!
  • Baked Brie (Brie en Croute) — talk about cheesy goodness wrapped in flaky pastry. You’re missing out if you’ve never had this wonderful appetizer, but it’s okay because now you can make it easily and revel in the glorious oozing cheese!
rough puff pastry side view with layers

You’ll be amazed at how glorious this gluten free rough puff pastry is, as well as how easy it is to make. The possibilities are endless for what you can do with it!

rough puff pastry side view with layers

Glorious Gluten Free Puff Pastry

No need to break the bank with those gluten free puff pastry sheets! We can make our own quick gluten free puff pastry and it's glorious!!
3.84 from 122 votes
Prep Time 45 minutes
Cook Time 20 minutes
Total Time 1 hour 5 minutes
Course Appetizer, Breakfast, Dessert
Cuisine French
Servings 2 pounds


  • 3 cups (420 g) Kim's gluten free bread flour blend
  • 2 tbsp granulated sugar
  • tsp kosher salt
  • cups (3 sticks or 339 g) unsalted European butter, divided in half (Kerrygold for example)
  • 1 large egg
  • ½-¾ cups (120-180 ml) very cold heavy cream
  • 1 tsp lemon juice or white vinegar


  • Divide the butter in half (1½ sticks or 169g each) and place half in the freezer for at least 2 hours or up to several days. Cut the other half into ¼-inch thick slices and refrigerate. Measure out the heavy cream and crack your egg into a small bowl. Add about ⅓ of the heavy cream to the egg and keep both the egg mixture and the rest of the cream in the fridge, well chilled, until needed.
  • Combine flour blend, sugar, and salt in a large bowl.  Using a box grater on the large holes, grate the frozen butter directly into the flour mixture. Toss the butter to coat with the flour, breaking up any pieces that have clumped together.
  • Add the sliced butter and toss just to coat the butter with the flour. Squeeze the lemon juice into the bowl and toss. Make a well in the center and add the egg/cream mixture. Toss with a fork and check the consistency. If it's still dry, add more cream. You want it to be slightly tacky, not dry, but not sticky and it should hold together well when pressed in fingers.
  • Mound the dough onto a piece of plastic wrap or parchment paper and fold the plastic or paper over the dough to make a larger rectangle with the wrap (see the video). Turn it over and roll the dough as best you can into the corners of the plastic or parchment to create a larger rectangle that's roughly ½-¾ inch thick. Refrigerate the dough for at least one hour or overnight.
  • Unwrap the dough and roll it out onto a well floured surface into a long rectangle that's about ¼-inch thick. The thickness is more important than the size. NOTE: If your counter isn't deep enough to roll into a long rectangle, you can divide the dough in half and work on one half at a time. Refrigerate the other half until you're done with the first half.
  • Fold the top of the dough ⅔ of the way towards you, as if you were folding a letter. Brush off any excess flour. Fold the bottom third (the side closest to you) up and over the first fold. This is a single/letter style and is your first fold. Turn the dough 90 degrees.
  • Roll it out again into a long rectangle. Optionally, brush the top of the dough with ice water. Fold the top and the bottom to meet in the middle and then fold over once more, as if you were closing a book. This is called a double or book fold. If the dough seems to be getting warm at any time, you can stop at this point, wrap it up, and refrigerate it for 15-20 minutes.
  • Roll the dough out again into a long rectangle. Repeat the book fold two more times (brushing with ice water if desired) for a total of 3 double/book folds (which equate to 6 total folds) and 1 single/letter fold (your first fold). This makes a total of 7 folds all together.
  • Wrap the dough tightly in plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least one hour or up to 3 days. The dough can now be used in any recipe requiring puff pastry OR crescent roll dough. Bring it to a cool room temperature before rolling out.
  • Puff pastry can be frozen for up to 3 months, tightly wrapped. Thaw in fridge overnight before using as indicated.


*After rolling out puff pastry to use in recipes, place on parchment-lined baking sheet and into the freezer for a few minutes while you allow the oven to preheat before baking.
***Gluten free puff pastry freezes beautifully!  You can leave it in the block and freeze it well wrapped, or portion it out into 8-ounce portions and freeze those individually.  
***DISCLAIMER:  The reason I created my own flour blends is because I could not obtain the results I wanted with flour blends that were available in stores, online, or from other gluten free bloggers.  My recipes have been developed to be used with my own bread flour blend that I created after painstakingly testing for, in some cases, YEARS to develop what I believe to be a superior gluten free bread like no other.  If you do not use my gluten free bread flour blend for this recipe, I cannot speak for the results you will obtain.    While store bought blends may give you a satisfactory result, they may NOT give you the results intended in my recipe. 
Keyword Gluten Free, puff pastry, quick puff
Tried this recipe?Tag @letthemeatglutenfreecake on Instagram so we can see!

74 thoughts on “New & Improved Gluten Free Rough Puff Pastry”

    • That’s tough for this one as the butter is the star of the recipe, but I guess you could attempt to use a dairy-free butter. I’m honestly not sure how it would work.

  • I made this today and used it for sausage rolls and again. I wish I could post a photo because they were amazing. Absolutely brilliant recipes so thank you

  • This is my first failed recipe of yours. I was super excited to make what we Canadians call “Passion Flakes” (a pastry made by a Quebec company called Vachon) because it’s my husband’s favourite dessert of all time. I used your bread flour blend (that I also used yesterday to make bagels as well and they turned out fantastic!) and followed your directions exactly and did 7 folds (one regular fold, 3 book folds). The only difference is that after refrigerating it and the rolling it out for my pastry squares, then putting the squares back in the fridge, I then laid the squares out and painted them with an egg wash, put another square on top, painted them with an egg wash, and sprinkled them all with sugar. Then I froze them on the tray and individually wrapped them with plastic wrap to be baked the next day. I let them sit out for a bit on the tray until they were slightly bendy (not much, but still cold), and then left them to stay cold (but not frozen) in the fridge. Then I baked them. I’m not sure what went wrong!

      • I tried a second time, and it was a failure again. I made sure I didn’t over mix the dough. I made sure it stayed cold. It just wouldn’t rise.

        • Puff pastry is notorious for being difficult, but if your conditions are right you should have success. What type of butter are you using? It needs to be a higher fat content butter, but I’ve found that some European butters seem to stay very soft, even when cold, and this will affect your pastry significantly. I personally wouldn’t let them thaw out from the freezer and would bake them straight from the freezer. How thick are you rolling the dough out to? If too thick, it won’t get the proper rise.

          I believe the #1 reason for failure could be your heavy cream content, though. I think sometimes our brains are still trained to think about not adding too much liquid to pastry dough as they will become “tough”, but I’ve found in gluten free baking that a little bit of extra liquid in recipes is required to achieve the perfect balance and obtain the best results. So when you add the heavy cream, I would err on the side of “too much” to where it’s a little on the sticky side. That extra cream will eventually be soaked up by the starches in the flour blend. By the way, did you substitute anything within the flour blend? Or are you using a less-than-superfine rice flour, such as Bob’s Red Mill? That will cause a heap of problems.

          • I am using Canadian butter (“No Name” is the name brand). I can’t get anything fancy like Kerry Gold or whatever. I don’t know what the fat content is, and I’m not sure how to find out.

            I will try using more heavy cream next time, and see what happens. And I’ll freeze first and put it in straight from the freezer.

          • I wonder if your butter is the problem. I don’t know if Canadian butter is made with a higher fat content than American. If it is, it should be fine.

            Also, sometimes it just takes a few practice times to get puff pastry right unfortunately. I wasn’t successful the first (or second, third, or fourth) try because I didn’t really understand that I needed to add more liquid.

    • If you mean using this instead of the superfine rice flour, I don’t know as I don’t have access to that brand of rice flour here in the US.
      If it’s not gritty, you should be able to. Rice flour alone won’t work as a replacement for the flour blend, if that’s what you mean.

  • I love this recipe and really all your recipes. They have changed my gluten free cooking for the better.
    Weird question… could you post the old recipe for this pastry dough? I used it for pasties and the old recipe was a little easier for that.

    • I’m so sorry, Tanja. Unfortunately, WordPress (the software used to create websites) doesn’t keep the old versions anymore. I never delete them just in case someone wants them, but in looking for this one, I inadvertently found out they don’t keep old versions!

      I do remember, however, that the recipe was exactly the same ingredients, just manipulated differently. I believe I used large chunks of butter throughout instead of grating half of it from frozen.

  • Hey Kristina! Would you mind telling me your recipe for the Pannetone please! I would love to be able to try this out 😍 Thank you!!

    • That’s a tough one as I’m not familiar enough with dairy free products to know what might be thick enough, but I do know canned whole fat coconut milk is pretty thick and it just might work!!

  • Total game changer, family declared this pastry “absolutely delicious & my best and lightest ever attempt at pastry” MUCH better than shop bought ready roll GF pastry, not a crumb left on plates -even by non pastry lovers in our house & that despite having a butter puddle after baking – will try leaving colder longer next time. Thank you so very much for sharing your genius results and all the time and effort you spent perfecting your recipe.

  • Could I use the ingredients of your croissant recipe with this process? I’d like to make puffy croissants without the overnight process.

  • Hi Kim, this recipe is amazing and I made some sausage rolls with it. I took some photos and they tasted amazing too. I have passed on your flour recipes and Website to a caterer… here in Australia.. So hard to find flours and recipes to use that come out taste.. Thank you so much…

    • No, I don’t think this would work great for baklava, BUT…I am working on a baklava and hope to have it ready to post some time before Valentine’s Day 😍

    • That’s a tough one because butter is what makes puff pastry so wonderful. However, I do know that all of the commercial brands out there use other fats, such as vegetable shortening, so I guess it’s possible. I think I would try one of the dairy-free butter alternatives that is supposed to taste like butter. I can’t guarantee that it’ll work, as I haven’t tried it myself, but it’s worth a shot.

  • Hi Kim,
    I have not seen this question addressed… Can you substitute guar gum for Xanthium gum in the bread flour?

    Thanks for all you do!

    • Hmmm. I’m honestly not sure. I’ve never used guar gum, nor have I seen it in any stores, whereas xanthan gum seems to be so much more common.

      • I use guar all the time in place of Xanthan as the Xanthan is not good for corn allergies. The bread recipes work fine with it.

  • Do you know if this dough freezes well? I’d love to make a couple batches one day and separate/freeze them to have on hand when i just need some puff pastry for a quick recipe. (sorry if you said this in the post, adhd brain might’ve over looked it)

    • Yes, it freezes beautifully!!! Just wrap your portions well in plastic wrap and either put them in a freezer ziptop bag or then wrap them in foil. They will keep in the freezer for a few months 😊

  • Thanks Kim……..I notice you have used bread flour in the puff pastry recipe… this correct.

    • Yep, this one is a little different in that it’s a pastry and particularly needs extra lift that I couldn’t replicate by using the regular flour.

  • Hi Kim….can you please tell me the difference between your gluten-free flour blend to gluten free bread blend flour…..yes it Jan again

    • Hi, Jan! The regular blend is an “all-purpose” flour that’s used mainly as any all-purpose flour would be in regular baking, such as for cakes, cookies, cupcakes, pie crust, etc. The bread flour blend is used solely for breads as it has protein added to it so it will mimic the protein (gluten) found in regular (wheat) flour. Mimicking the gluten will help with the rise of the dough and ultimately the texture of the finished bread.

      I hope this explains it 🙂

    • Hi, Jan! I currently don’t sell my blend, but the recipe to make the blend is on my blog (linked in every one of my recipes) or you can find it under Resources on the main menu 😍

  • Kim, this recipe turned out amazing. Every year for Christmas my mom makes a beef wellington and for the last 9 years we have attempted a gluten free pastry dough purchased or by handfor a small portion just for me… every year but this year was a disappointment. I found your challah recipe and was blown away and have tried many since but this puff pastry recipe is AMAZING. My family and I now refer to you as “new best friend Kim” or the queen of gluten free. I have been on a baking rampage since finding your recipes and they have all been spectacular:)

    • Oh my gosh, Lindsey! Thank you SO much for your kind words!!! It makes my heart so happy to hear wonderful stories of people like yourself being able to enjoy their favorite things again because of my recipes 🙂

  • Hi Kim! What is the name of the pastry on the first picture of the recipe? I’d love to make it with your recipe, I used to eat them filled with pudding and jam (on opposing sides) when I was a kid and could still eat gluten. I really miss them 🙂
    Do you think these should be filled after or during the baking proces? Thank you!

    • Hi, Kristina! I think those are just called a danish, but I’m not sure. What you do is cut out a square of dough and then cut a V on opposing corners of the square. Then fold each side over, securing with a little egg wash. It’s hard to explain without showing, so here’s a great link for how it’s done: It depends on what you fill it with as to whether you fill it and then bake it or bake it and then fill it. Cream cheese danish would be filled first and then baked, but pudding would be filled after baking. I think jam could be done either way 🙂

      • Thanks for replying! I found them under Custard Danish Pockets and it seems they fill them in before baking.
        I love your bread flour mix and I already spent my first batch of 10 cups on following recipes: Panettone, Croissants, Sugar cookies and Pizza Crust. Panettone turned out best so I’m planning on making another one for New Year’s but this time with choco chips instead of raisins. 🙂
        I need to mill my own rice flour in a coffee grinder since I can’t find gluten-free one to buy where I live, is there a best type of rice you’d recommend for milling, as in long grain, basmati, etc.?

        • Hmmm, I’m not sure, Kristina. When I look at the package of superfine white rice flour I use, it says it’s milled from California rice so I’m not sure what kind of rice that is. Maybe a long grain? I don’t think it would be basmati.

          • Hey, no problem! I’ve used basmati so far and everything turned out ok, I’ve already milled 500g of it for the next batch and then went to shop to find potato starch and I found GF rice flour on the shelf 🤣 1 day too late! I bought it nevertheless for the next batches I make. It’s really weird but it also doesn’t say from which type of rice it’s grinded!
            Unfortunately I didn’t manage to find potato starch in the store. Is it ok if I use cornstarch instead for the bread flour mix?

          • You could try the cornstarch. I’m not sure if it has the exact same texture as potato starch (it’s not as hearty, for lack of a better word), but it’s worth a shot. Another option would be arrowroot starch.

          • I went with cornstarch and panettone turned out amazing! Even more airy and fluffy than the previous one that was made with potato starch in the mix. Also, it needed 15 min less to bake. Now I’m wondering can I use the same dough to make deep fried donuts since it’s remarkably similar to it.

  • Hi I am new making gf recipes and I was wondering if I could use coconut oil instead of butter and coconut milk instead of milk? I’m excited to try this recipe! Looks very good!

  • F%#@ing DELISH!! Kim, THANK YOU! I live in a large city and cannot find gf puff pastry. I was afraid to try this but I thought why not, all of the recipes I have tried from you have been spot on. It was so amazing. I made the cheesy straws and they were devoured in under 8 minutes. I made them again the next day and I was actually able to eat one before my family gobbled them up again.
    We have been a gf house for ~ 5 years and you are now my go-to for recipes and I share your recipes with others. Simply amazing!💙
    Keep up the good work. It makes a difference to us. XOXO

    • Awe, thank you so much, Debbie!! I love hearing stories like this and am SO glad you like the puff pastry!! Thanks for sharing my recipes with others and for all your confidence in me 😍😍😍

    • I don’t sell my flour blend (yet), but I do offer the recipe on my blog. Also, I have an Amazon affiliate account with Australia so if you go to my flour blends page, you should be able to see links that are available in your area through Amazon.

  • Love this! A lot of recipes online call for “1 sheet” of puff pastry. How many “sheets” does this make do you think?

  • Hello! When I use this, an I suppose to roll it out or will that smush the layers? I used it but it’s too thick and a bit dense so I’m wondering if I rolled it thinner if that would help

  • When you say to flatten the butter, do you mean to rub it in like you would for gluteny bread?

    • Yes, but don’t rub it in so much that it’s like breadcrumbs or peas. Just enough to where the butter is flattened, but still pretty large pieces 🙂

    • I’m not really sure. I only have a reaction to gluten so I haven’t tried this without eggs. The eggs are really what helps it puff up. You maybe could try an egg replacer, like from Bob’s Red Mill, or a chia egg??

  • Hi I am going to try this for a savory tart with goat cheese and asparagus. A quarter cup of sugar in your recipe seems like a lot for a savory dish, could you tell me more about that? Thanks! Looks exciting to try!

    • Hi, Sarah! You’re right, for savory that does seem like a lot of sugar. I think you could try to cut back a little bit on the sugar, maybe by half to just 2 tbsp or even down to 1 tbsp. In this instance, it shouldn’t make a difference as there is no yeast to feed in the recipe. When I created this recipe, I based it on another recipe for non-gluten free bread that used the same amount of sugar, so I didn’t change it.

      Hope that helps 🙂

    • I wish I could say for sure, but I’m not familiar enough with dairy free butter to know for sure. I feel like it would, though, because most puff pastry bought in the stores isn’t actually made with butter. I’d give it a try, Whitney! I think it really could work 🙂

      • My husband is trying to make the puff pastry right now for Beef Wellington. I’ve used almond milk (Califia Farms brand) to make your cinnamon rolls and lemon cake. The lemon cake did curdle, but it still game out great, as did the cinnamon rolls. I’m making stollen right now. It’s still rising.

  • Those look totally amazing! I don’t know how you do that! You come up with the most unbelievable gf recipes ever!

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